The anchoring is to tie the boat to the seabed through a chain and an anchor. For the vessel to be retained, its capacity must be proportional to the weight of the anchor, as well as the friction produced with the bottom. When it is inserted effectively, a level of fixation is produced so that the boat does not turn or bump with any object. For the realization of this maneuver requires an equipment for anchoring and, it must be pending with each of these tools for when it is going to make a good anchoring.
Characteristics of the equipment for anchoring
- Windlass: Machine located in the bow of the boats to raise the anchor on board.
- The anchor line must have a length of at least five times the size of the boat. It is made of galvanized steel chain, to resist wear and prevent anchor lifting. The anchoring line is of line when the boat is less than 6m in length.
- It must be anchored with a length of at least three times the probe of the anchoring place if a line formed only by chain is handled. If the anchoring line uses chain and line, the anchoring line must be increased to a minimum of five times the depth marked by the probe and up to ten times if only the anchoring point is available.
- Shackle of the anchor: it is used for the union of the chain with the ring of the anchor. It must be equal to or more resistant than the chain and it must be ensured that it is properly adjusted so that it does not end with the friction of the bottom.
- The orinque: It is a line that serves to know what is the situation of the anchor, it helps to release the anchor in the event that it has remained enrocada.
- The anchor: Steel instrument that is thrown into the water to be inserted into the bottom of the sea, and prevents the boat being dragged by strong winds or currents.
- The land: It is the type of fund of an anchorage.
Importance of anchoring equipment
It helps in the stability of the boat since without them the boat would sail on its own against other anchored boats, or against some dangerous rocks in the area. Putting the lives of the crew at risk.